Uganda’s Ministry of Water & Environment (2016) says as of June 2016, the average access to safe water in rural areas was estimated at 67% (which is 2% increase from 65% as of June 2015). Communities need however to be sensitized on hygienic practices in order to maintain a safe water chain from the source up to storage at the household level. The functionality for rural water supplies had however reduced to 86%, from the 88% which was reported in June 2015.
On the other hand, WaterAid (2017) says more than 23 million people still do not have clean water. Much of Uganda is open water and swampland, but this is undrinkable. Meanwhile, high demand and poor management lead to shortages of clean groundwater – facilities are under strain in towns and cities, and the springs and wells that rural communities rely on are mostly used up.